Colon Cancer – 3 Stages Colon Cancer
If your doctor finds signs of colon cancer in the early stages, it is probably still treatable. The best way to treat this type of disease is to get it treated as soon as possible. In the early stages, the cancer is usually in the mucosa or submucosa and has not spread to surrounding lymph nodes or structures. However, if you have symptoms, it is time to see a doctor.
By stage 3, the tumor has spread to the muscles and other parts of the intestines. It has also spread to nearby lymph nodes. Treatment typically involves a partial colectomy (removal of the cancerous portion of the colon and lymph nodes), and adjuvant chemotherapy. Typical chemotherapy regimens for stage III colon cancer include FOLFOX (5-FU, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) and CapeOx (5-FU, leucovorin and oxaliplatin). However, patients may also receive only one of these treatments.
The current stage III designation of colon cancer does not take into account the new prognostic subgroups based on nodal involvement and mural penetration. These new strata have similar outcomes, and we recommend using them when reporting colon cancers that have nodal involvement. So, it is important to know your stage before choosing your treatment. The earlier your disease is diagnosed, the earlier you can begin the treatment process. You can get the right treatment and the right outcome with the right team.
When your colon cancer reaches stage 3C, it is already threatening surrounding tissue and organs. The cancer has spread to one to three nearby lymph nodes, but it has not yet spread to distant parts of the body. Your doctor will likely perform a partial colectomy, followed by the removal of nearby lymph nodes. If the cancer has spread to distant areas, it is now classified as stage IIIC. The next step is to seek treatment for your condition.
In stage III colon cancer, the tumor is in the rectum or colon but has not spread to other parts of the body. A partial colectomy, which involves removing the cancerous portion of the colon and lymph nodes, is the best way to treat this type of cancer. In addition to surgery, patients are given chemotherapy to help fight the disease. This type of treatment is usually very expensive, so it is imperative to have a proper diagnosis.
3 Stages of Colon Cancer
Stage 3C colon cancer has spread to the outer layers of the colon and rectum. It has not spread to distant sites. A patient with this type of cancer is considered to be at risk for a long life. A surgeon can choose the best treatment for you. This stage is the most dangerous one. In addition to surgery, it can also kill the cancer cells. If this occurs, your doctor will perform a resection.
Stage IIIB is characterized by tumor growth in the colon’s outer layer. In this stage, the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, but it has not spread to other parts of the body. The submucosa and the muscle are both considered the areas of the colon that are affected. In Stage IIIC, the tumor has metastasized to the viscera. The patient should undergo chemotherapy if they are experiencing these symptoms.
Depending on the type of cancer, this stage is often difficult to diagnose. In some cases, the tumor has already spread to the lymph nodes of the body. In other cases, the tumor has not spread outside the colon. In this case, the cancer has reached the outermost layers of the colon. During this stage, the cancer has metastasized to other parts of the body. The patient’s lymph nodes are also affected.
Stage 3C is the most serious stage. It has spread beyond the outermost layers of the colon, and has spread to at least three lymph nodes in the area. Symptoms of colon cancer at this stage include distal bowel obstruction, pain, and intractable stenosis. At this stage, the cancer has not spread to distant organs. A patient with this type of colon cancer should be treated immediately.